Context: Malinke is the term used for Islamic Bamana speakers in Mali. Although Moslem, the
Malinke have retained traditional initiation societies responsible for training boys to fulfill
their adult roles. Masking performances and other techniques are used to instill self-
awareness, discipline, and sacred knowledge in young men. Aluminum, which first became
available with the advent of airplanes, enriches the mask's surface with cut and stamped
geometric shapes
                   Africa, Mali, Malinke, 20th century Initiation Society Mask